Nikola Tesla Won 8 Nobel Prizes For His Work And Discoveries.
No He Didn’t. These People Did Instead…
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, Physics, 1901: Wilhelm Rontgen was awarded the first Nobel Prize in physics for his discovery of X-Rays on November 8, 1895. Not many know this, but Tesla was working with X-Rays prior to Rontgen while experimenting with Crookes tubes, and his own vacuum tubes, as early as 1887. Since these rays were still unknown, he used the term “radiant matter.“ He conducted numerous experiments and some of the first imaging, which he called “shadowgraphs,” using these rays in his laboratory before its destruction by fire on March 13, 1895. Tesla would lose everything including all paperwork on the subject. He would later give all credit to Rontgen for the discovery, and throughout the next few years produced some of the best X-ray imaging that even Rontgen praised. Tesla was also the first to warn the scientific community about the harms of X-rays and designed ways to use them correctly.
Joseph John Thomson, Physics, 1906: Thomson was awarded the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the electron in 1897. Tesla originally called electrons “matter not further decomposable” in numerous treatises on radiant energy throughout 1896, but his electron discovery goes back as far as 1891 in a debate he and Thomson had about their experiments with certain vacuum tubes. In an article of the Electrical Engineer Magazine titled, “Electric Discharge in Vacuum Tubes” of July 1st, 1891, Tesla claimed his experiments showed there was a molecular bombardment within the tubes which caused these discharges. His apparatus would emit electrons at very high velocities which would collided with the molecules of the rarefied gas within the tubes. Thomson denied Tesla’s claim of verifying these particles until witnessing Tesla’s experiments and demonstrations given in a lecture before the Institute of Electrical Engineers at London in 1892. Thomson then adapted to Tesla’s methods of high frequency, and was able to establish his electron discovery. He gave zero credit to Tesla.
Guglielmo Marconi and Karl Ferdinand Braun, Physics, 1909: Both shared the Nobel Prize for their work and development of radio. Marconi is known for proving radio transmission by sending a radio signal in Italy in 1895, but it is a fact that he used Tesla’s work in his process. Tesla invented the “Tesla Coil” in 1891, and the inventor proved wireless transmission in lectures given throughout 1891-1893, sending electromagnetic waves to light wireless lamps. Tesla filed his own basic radio patent applications in 1897, which were granted in 1900. Marconi’s first patent application in the U.S. was filed on November 10, 1900, but was turned down. Marconi’s revised applications over the next three years were repeatedly rejected because of the priority of Tesla and other inventors, but was finally able to bypass Tesla’s work and secure his own. After Tesla’s death in 1943, the U.S. Supreme Court made Marconi’s patents invalid again, and recognized Tesla as the true inventor of radio.
Marie Curie, Pierre Curie and Antoine Henri Becquerel, Physics/Chemistry, 1903/1911: The three shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery and work on radioactivity in 1898. Madame Curie won the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for her discovery of radium and polonium, also in 1898. Tesla discovered radioactivity in his experiments with X-Rays in 1896, and published many articles on the subject in scientific periodicals prior to the three. His theory was much different though. He theorized that radioactivity was caused by cosmic rays coming from all directions of the galaxy towards earth, and that radioactivity is just a secondary effect of these rays bouncing off certain elements. He stated that if one were to block these certain radioactive elements, like radium or polonium, with a certain metal they would become less radioactive, hence the radioactivity was being caused by external sources.
Charles Glover Barkla, Physics, 1917: Barkla was awarded the prize for his work with X-rays, their characteristics, and their secondary elements and effects. He was educated by J. J. Thomson. Again, Tesla worked with and explained these radiations in full detail throughout the late 1890s. He showed that the source of X-rays was the site of first impact of electrons within the bulbs as stated above. He even investigated reflected X-rays and their characteristics such as Barkla.
Albert Einstein, Physics, 1921: Einstein was awarded the prize for his theoretical theories and his discovery of the law of the “photoelectric effect.” In 1905, Einstein considered that light has a nature of both a wave and a particle. This lead to the development of “photons,” or photo electrons, which gave light a wave-particle duality. Now it must be noted that Nikola Tesla wasn’t just a theoretical physicist like Einstein, but was an experimental physicist as well. In 1896, Nikola Tesla was the first to propose that radiation had both particle-like and wavelike properties in experiments with radiant energy. He set up targets composed of different types of substances acting as walls, and shot his cathode rays at these different elements, and which upon reflection, projected particles, or vibrations (waves) of extremely high frequencies. Nikola Tesla preceded Einstein by 4 years on the explanation of the photoelectric effect publishing a patent titled “Apparatus of the Utilization of Radiant Energy.” filed in 1901.
James Chadwick, Physics, 1935: Awarded the prize for his discovery of the neutron in 1932. Tesla’s discovery of neutrons goes back to his work with cosmic rays, again in 1896, which are mentioned above, and also in the next bit. He investigated and discovered that cosmic rays shower down on us 24/7, and that they are composed of small particles which carry so small a charge that we are justified in calling them neutrons. He measured some neutrons from distance stars, like Antares, which traveled at velocities exceeding that of light. Tesla succeeded in developing a motive device that operated off these rays.
Victor Franz Hess, Physics, 1936: Hess won the Prize for his discovery of the cosmic rays in 1919. Tesla predated him 23 years publishing a treatise in an electrical review on cosmic rays in 1896. Tesla’s knowledge on the matter surpasses even today’s understanding of cosmic rays.